Each manager and supervisor should have their own methodologies for the management work, following are 7 helpful methodologies which could be applied in practical management.
1. Decentralized Management
Decentralization is the transfer of responsibility, a superior is not a decision-making for everything, but rather determine the work entrusted to his subordinates, so employees have their own judgments and can work independently in certain scope. Managers need improve subordinates’ willingness and efficiency to work. If all employees have high passion for their work, managers can be freed from the concrete work, and pay more attentions on management work.
2. Walking Management
Walking management means: Manager is not buried in the office as often as possible so that subordinates can see him – Just “Walk ” in the company. Manager is informed directly from staff: what troubles met by staff, and where business process stuck. Moreover, managers supervise employee’s work personally, and then listen to each employee, that is also an incentive for employees.
3. Result Management
Superior should put the obtained results on the center of management. Setup an objective, then check the result according to the plan and objective. However, in the result management, the evaluation target is not just a subordinate, but also can be a department or a position.
4. Objective Management
Manager sets up an achieved objective for staff. For example objectives is: sales increased by 15%. Various departments should work together to determine this objective- to improve product sales, and manager should check the status and progress regularly. As decentralized management and exceptions management: improve the willingness and participation responsibilities. In addition, under the common pursuit of their goals to be achieved, this will promote the team spirit.
5. Exception Management
Supervisor should only make decisions personal in exceptional circumstances. For example, staffs have right to determine the price discount under 6%. When a customer requires a 10% discount, it is the exception; it must be determined by the supervisor. This also can improve their willingness to work. Workers have the possibility to work independently – reducing the burden on supervisors. The practical difficulty of this method is: What is “normal” business, and what is the exception? Therefore, the range of decision should often be checked.
6. Participation management
Employees take part in the decision for some problems, especially the problems related to them. For example, employee is transferred to another department or branch outside the office. When they have autonomy on important issues, the staff will not feel being treated arrogantly. For example, they can recognize the significance of the transfer and trust the reasons. This can improve the business goal of “identity.”
7. System Management
Manage the determined business process, and treat the enterprise as a large system, this system is like a current control system. There are many instructions for those repetitive activities (such as the machines on and off, replacement and maintenance). Therefore, this method is mainly used for industrial enterprises. All work will be organized into a smooth flow of the process. Many of the provisions is to ensure “the whole system.”
Leaders should pay attention, do not make the enterprise too “bureaucratic. “